Broccoli is a cabbage family vegetable grown for its nutritious flower heads. Its green or purple florets have been known for several noteworthy, unique phyto-nutrients that are found to have disease prevention and health promoting properties.

Botanically, the vegetable is a member of large cruciferous (Brassica) family of vegetables, which also includecauliflower, brussel sprouts, cabbage, arugula, etc. 

Scientific name: Brassica oleracea var. italica.